new guinea population

The name Irian, which was originally favored by natives, is now considered to be a name imposed by the authority of Jakarta.[2]. [45], From 1971, the name Papua New Guinea was used for the Australian territory. Amnesty International has estimated more than 100,000 Papuans, one-sixth of the population, have died as a result of government-sponsored violence against West Papuans. [38] During Tidore's rule, the main exports of the island during this period were resins, spices, slaves and the highly priced feathers of the bird-of-paradise. [7][8][9] Various other smaller mountain ranges occur both north and west of the central ranges. The Council decided on the name of West Papua for the territory, along with an emblem, flag, and anthem to complement those of the Netherlands. The Ecology of Papua. The population of Papua New Guinea has been gradually slowing or many years and that is expected to continue in the years to come. Also about 600 species of reef-building coral—the latter equal to 75 percent of the world's known total. Botanically, New Guinea is considered part of Malesia, a floristic region that extends from the Malay Peninsula across Indonesia to New Guinea and the East Melanesian Islands. [5] Another possibility, put forward by Sollewijn Gelpke in 1993, is that it comes from the Biak phrase sup i papwa, which means 'the land below [the sunset]', and refers to the islands west of the Bird's Head, as far as Halmahera. This has been identified with the Onin Peninsula, part of the Bomberai Peninsula near the city of Fakfak. New Guinea (Tok Pisin: Niugini; Hiri Motu: Niu Gini; Indonesian: Papua, historically Irian) is the world's second-largest island and, with an area of 785,753 km2 (303,381 sq mi), the largest island in the Southern Hemisphere. 2020. Papua New Guinea has a young population. Austronesian-speaking peoples colonized many of the offshore islands to the north and east of New Guinea, such as New Ireland and New Britain, with settlements also on the coastal fringes of the main island in places. Other than bats and some two dozen indigenous rodent genera,[19] there are no pre-human indigenous placental mammals. [3] The name was used until 2001, when Papua was again used for the island and the province. [3], The name Irian was used in the Indonesian language to refer to the island and Indonesian province, as Irian Barat (West Irian) Province and later Irian Jaya Province. Prentice, M.L. The shape of New Guinea is often compared to that of a bird-of-paradise (indigenous to the island), and this results in the usual names for the two extremes of the island: the Bird's Head Peninsula in the northwest (Vogelkop in Dutch, Kepala Burung in Indonesian; also known as the Doberai Peninsula), and the Bird's Tail Peninsula in the southeast (also known as the Papuan Peninsula). The ancestral Austronesian peoples are believed to have arrived considerably later, approximately 3,500 years ago, as part of a gradual seafaring migration from Southeast Asia, possibly originating in Taiwan. [34] A unique feature of New Guinea permaculture is the silviculture of Casuarina oligodon, a tall, sturdy native ironwood tree, suited to use for timber and fuel, with root nodules that fix nitrogen. 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011 census. Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population. The eastern half of the island is the major land mass of the independent state of Papua New Guinea. Pigs, several additional species of rats, and the ancestor of the New Guinea singing dog were introduced with human colonization. [36][37] The sultans of Tidore, in Maluku Islands, claimed sovereignty over various coastal parts of the island. "The team also dated features consistent with the planting, digging, and tethering of plants and localized drainage systems to 10,000 years ago. September 2010, Autonomy isn’t independence; Indonesian democracy stops in Papua, "Conservationists discover more than 1,000 species in New Guinea", "Progress on Southeast Asia's Flora projects", "New Guinea has the world's richest island flora", "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation", "Marine Ecoregions of the World: A Bioregionalization of Coastal and Shelf Areas", Report claims secret genocide in Indonesia – University of Sydney, "Papua New Guinea massacre of women and children highlights poor policing, gun influx", Guns, Germs and Steel: A Short History of Everybody for the last 13,000 Years, Facsimile of material from "The Discovery of New Guinea" by George Collingridge, Scientists hail discovery of hundreds of new species in remote New Guinea, tapa ["masi" (Fiji), "ngatu" (Tonga), "siapo" (Sāmoa), " ʻuha" (Rotuma)], Asian American and Pacific Islander Policy Research Consortium, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Guinea&oldid=1000929327, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Tok Pisin-language text, Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 11:50. source: World Bank. Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). The city, which is also known as Moresby or Pom City, is the one of the largest in the South Pacific. In 1883, following a short-lived French annexation of New Ireland, the British colony of Queensland annexed south-eastern New Guinea. Following Tidore's defeat, much of the territory it claimed in western part of New Guinea came under Dutch rule as part of Dutch East Indies.[39]. The Law established a Papuan People's Assembly (MRP) with representatives of the different indigenous cultures of Papua. The name was promoted in 1945 by Marcus Kaisiepo,[2] brother of the future governor Frans Kaisiepo. (2002). These Austronesian migrants are considered the ancestors of most people in insular Southeast Asia, from Sumatra and Java to Borneo and Sulawesi, as well as coastal new Guinea. However, the Queensland government's superiors in the United Kingdom revoked the claim, and (formally) assumed direct responsibility in 1884, when Germany claimed north-eastern New Guinea as the protectorate of German New Guinea (also called Kaiser-Wilhelmsland). Global Rank: Position held by Papua New Guinea in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated. The most startling discovery took place on 4 August 1938, when Richard Archbold discovered the Grand Valley of the Baliem River, which had 50,000 yet-undiscovered Stone Age farmers living in orderly villages. The western half, known as Western New Guinea or West Papua,[1] forms a part of Indonesia and is organized as the provinces of Papua and West Papua. Mounds constructed to plant water-intolerant plants such as bananas, sugarcane, and yams are dated to about 6,500 years ago." The largest island offshore, Dolak, lies near the Digul estuary, separated by a strait so narrow it has been named a "creek". Complex mulches, crop rotations and tillages are used in rotation on terraces with complex irrigation systems. "Melanesia, the ethnogeographic region that includes New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia, contains some of the most remote and inaccessible populations on earth." Sometimes considered to be the easternmost island of the Indonesian archipelago, it lies north of Australia's Top End, the Gulf of Carpentaria and Cape York Peninsula, and west of the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon Islands archipelago. © Copyright Worldometers.info - All rights reserved -, countries (and dependencies) by population, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Papua New Guinea, The population density in Papua New Guinea is 20 per Km. A successive European claim occurred in 1828, when the Netherlands formally claimed the western half of the island as Netherlands New Guinea. The bulk of New Guinea’s population are subsistence farmers. PNG’s population is estimated at 7.5 million and is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse countries, with over 850 indigenous languages. miles). 1961 - First elections involving indigenous population. The northern lowlands are drained principally by the Mamberamo River and its tributaries on the western side, and by the Sepik on the eastern side. Numerous smaller islands are located to the west and east. The western half of the island contains the highest mountains in Oceania, with its highest point, Puncak Jaya, reaching an elevation of 4,884 m (16,023 ft). During the 1950s, the Dutch government began to prepare Netherlands New Guinea for full independence and allowed elections in 1959; the elected New Guinea Council took office on 5 April 1961. New Guinea has a rich diversity of coral life and 1,200 species of fish have been found. and has areas containing up to 200 people farming a square kilometer of land. Although the rest of the Dutch East Indies achieved independence as Indonesia on 27 December 1949, the Netherlands regained control of western New Guinea. Papua-Neuguinea ([ˈpaːpua nɔygiˈneːa], Tok Pisin Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini) ist nach Indonesien und Madagaskar der flächenmäßig drittgrößte Inselstaat der Welt. Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country. [41] On 18 October, his expedition reached the western part of the island in present-day Indonesia, and also claimed the territory for the King of Spain. The population of Papua New Guinea was estimated at around 7,476,000 in 2014, and annual population growth to 2.1% (World Bank). It is taken from the Biak language of Biak Island, and means "to rise", or "rising spirit". A high percentage of New Guinea's species are endemic, and thousands are still unknown to science: probably well over 200,000 species of insect, between 11,000 and 20,000 plant species, and over 650 resident bird species. ), making it the world's most floristically diverse island, surpassing Madagascar (11,488), Borneo (11,165), Java (4,598), and the Philippines (9,432).[26]. As marked on the map by an upright yellow triangle, the highest point of Papua New Guinea is Mount Wilhelm – at an elevation of 14,793 ft (4,509 m). Yet the two land masses share a similar animal fauna, with marsupials, including wallabies and possums, and the egg-laying monotreme, the echidna. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used. A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants. Top 20; Top 100; All; Rank City Population, Urban Area Population, City; 1: Conakry: 1,966,561: 1,767,200: Map of Guinea. [3] The name appears to come from the words papo (to unite) and ua (negation), which means "not united" or, "territory that geographically is far away (and thus not united)".[3][4]. The current population of Papua New Guinea in 2021 is 9,119,010, a 1.92% increase from 2020.; The population of Papua New Guinea in 2020 was 8,947,024, a 1.95% increase from 2019.; The population of Papua New Guinea in 2019 was 8,776,109, a 1.97% increase … Meneses saw the western part of the island is so Large that it is an population. Mounds constructed to plant water-intolerant plants such as Serui, Merauke and.. Under 15 and only 2.9 % are under 15 and only 2.9 % are 65. The sultans of Tidore, in Maluku islands, they called it Nieuw Guinea state... 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