However this is in question due to disagreement over what is ‘good’ or ‘bad’ nature. Dr Gardner’s team hypothesise that subcellular compartments are essential for organisms to transition from small to large numbers of genes. A total of 22 research projects at Otago received funding in this year's round, between them accounting for about a quarter of the money the Marsden Fund provided to the university sector this year. By steering the optical tweezers, they can gently bump the tiny and frigid clouds together to induce reactive collisions and conduct a chemistry experiment just above zero absolute temperature. The composition of the microbiome is known to affect our health in many ways, from ability to digest foods, to risk of developing Alzheimer’s. The Marsden Fund (the Fund), established in 1995, invests in excellent investigator-led research. Many bacteria generate energy for growth by a process called cellular respiration. Piecing together Pacific prehistory using genomics and the commensal model $300,000. So called “successful” psychopathy in the community is poorly understood. Development and assessment of a multi-spectroscopic fiber optic probe capable of disease diagnosis in the gastro-intestinal tract $300,000. The ability to understand the mental states of others is central to human life. This ‘blue-sky’ funding is vital to ensuring a vibrant research culture in our country, and the resulting work will help us better understand our environment and society. New Zealand faces a huge ecological problem from invasive plants and animals spreading across the country impacting native species and landscapes – a problem expected to grow with climate change. Specifically, it will be the first commensal study in the Pacific to investigate what nuclear DNA can tell us about the origins and admixture of Pacific people, which is not possible using mtDNA alone. Typically, models for the distribution of such data incorporate two fundamental components, one relating to persistent spatial (fixed) effects and the other reflecting (stochastic) interactions between points, such as a tendency to cluster together. It is now known that the enzymes responsible for these reactions depend on micronutrients for activity. Dr Major’s team hypothesises that environmental factors are triggering gout flares through their influence on epigenetic control of the innate immune system. Collectively, this data will advance the understanding of the pathways by which sleep loss may change eating behaviours and appetite in children, leading to a cascade of effects on food choices, energy intake and weight gain. 11 Turnbull StThorndon, Wellington 6011Aotearoa - New Zealand, © 2021 - Royal Society of New Zealand Te Apārangi, Supporting international research collaboration, President's Address 2019 on redefining research excellence, Te Takarangi: Celebrating Māori publications with Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga, Climate change mitigation options for New Zealand, Climate change implications for New Zealand. The aim of the proposal is to investigate the hormonal basis of parental behaviour in males. The repeated evolution of similar physiological and morphological traits occurs throughout life. However, the virulence of these bacteria depends on the presence of these partial respiration steps. Parasites routinely manipulate their hosts, altering their hosts’ behaviour through molecular subterfuge to enhance their own survival and transmission. Battle of the body snatchers; do co-occurring parasites help or hinder each other? A well-established Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory has led to predictions of excessive approach and insufficient withdrawal (fear) activation in psychopathy. This is notoriously difficult because of a lack of identifiability: in most current models the two competing representations of spatial variation yield identical predictions, and therefore cannot be distinguished even with unlimited data. There were over 1200 applications for support - the highest recorded in the fund's 20-year history. How to be reimbursed. This team will investigate the effects of low maternal vitamin C status during pregnancy on prenatal development. +64 3 479 7000 Most computer-vision software is based on the architecture of the primate visual system. 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