As verbs the difference between comprise and consist is that comprise is to be made up of; to consist of (especially a comprehensive list of parts) while consist is (obsolete|intransitive) to exist, to be. expires: 365 "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", Comprised of is an expression in English that means "to compose or constitute". type: "html5", to consist of; be composed of: The advisory board comprises six members. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, This may all seem a bit esoteric, but it can nevertheless be crucial when assessing the validity and infringement of patent claims. type: "html5", pid: '94' iasLog("criterion : cdo_t = comprising-and-consisting-of"); '” quoting Multilayer Stretch Cling Film Holdings, 831 F.3d 1350, 1358 and AFG Indus., Inc. v. … iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); gdpr: { { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, to not go to bed on 31 December until after twelve o'clock at night in order to celebrate the start of a new year, I’ve brought you a little something: The language of gifts, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, As a noun consist is name: "pbjs-unifiedid", Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, "loggedIn": false name: "identityLink", { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Learn more! iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_thesaurus"); googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, 'min': 3.05, iframe: { { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, Compose means to be or constitute a part of element of or to make up or form the basis of, as in Eight slices compose the pie. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, googletag.enableServices(); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); partner: "uarus31" }, “Consists of” It is often stated that "consisting of" should be interpreted exhaustively (as in, "consisting only of"). { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); "login": { }; },{ However, many claims use "closed-ended" language such as "consisting of"." {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); Cir. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "thesaurus"); If the above patent used the word "comprising" instead of "consisting of", then the third party's pencil-plus-eraser would be infringing (assuming that the patent is otherwise valid). { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, When a claim is directed to a further therapeutic application of a medicament and the condition to be treated is defined in functional terms, e.g. var pbDesktopSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, }, googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, if(window.__tcfapi) "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, A … {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'cap': true } On the other hand, if the wording "consist of" is used, then no further features are present in the apparatus/method/product … { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptc", "including-and-excluding"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, We can also use it in the passive voice in the form ‘be comprised of’: The course is comprised of ten lectures and five seminars on the theory of economics and banking. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }); name: "_pubcid", } Patent attorneys may appear to speak (or at least write in) a different language to most folks, but there are often very good reasons why we choose to use certain words. var pbTabletSlots = [ "noPingback": true, the one disc/two pad brake of the prior art. googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; More on that a little later. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = thesaurus"); 2111.03 Transitional Phrases [R-08.2017] The transitional phrases "comprising", "consisting essentially of" and "consisting of" define the scope of a claim with respect to what unrecited additional components or steps, if any, are excluded from the scope of the claim. If, on the other hand, the claim had been drafted: A brake system comprising a control system and a braking device, wherein the braking device comprises a brake disc and a brake pad. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, } { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, 'buckets': [{ 'min': 0, 'cap': true "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, The reason is because, over the course of a great many years of litigation, the Courts have settled on the word “comprising” as having the meaning of inferring a non-exhaustive list. var dfpSlots = {}; The most common transitional phrase used is the "open ended" phrase "comprising". { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, 'cap': true { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, then the word “consisting” infers that the list of features coming after it is an exhaustive list, and protection does not therefore extend to receptacles also having additional features. } Another word for consisting of. For the purposes of searching for and applying prior art under 35 U.S.C. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, var pbMobileHrSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Consisting Of. name: "criteo" to include or contain: The Soviet Union comprised several socialist republics. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, pbjs.que.push(function() { googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); Some of these cookies are essential to the operation of the site, while others help to improve your experience by providing insights into how the site is … pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, 'min': 8.50, name: "pubCommonId", Comprising is obviously much more common — 98% of patents in my cohort include “comprising.” 12% of patents recite the phrase “consisting of” however, the vast majority of those are signaling a Markush group rather than an initial transition. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, iasLog("__tcfapi useractioncomplete or tcloaded ", tcData, success); iasLog("criterion : cdo_c = " + ["business_financial_industrial_technology"]); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, var pbMobileLrSlots = [ {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, if(pl_p) }, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); initAdSlotRefresher(); Find another word for consisting (of). As verbs the difference between include and consist is that include is to bring into a group, class, set, or total as a (new) part or member while consist is (obsolete|intransitive) to exist, to be. … Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), A receptacle (a hollow object used to contain something), A liquid-receiving part (the main body of the cup, which holds the coffee) and. if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, In this hypothetical case, you would want to claim: A brake system comprising a control system and a braking device, wherein the braking device consists of a brake disc and a brake pad. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Consisting Of. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); Consisting Of: In its analysis, the Federal Circuit began by recognizing that the phrase “consisting of” and “consists of” are terms of art in patent claims and “creates a very strong presumption that that claim element is ‘closed’ and therefore ‘exclude [s] any elements, steps, or ingredients not specified in the claim. var pbHdSlots = [ syncDelay: 3000 The key rule to remem… dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, The reason is that you may need to distinguish an invention negatively, that is to say, where the invention subsists in a simplification that omits a certain feature that the prior art has. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, A claim directed to an apparatus/method/product "comprising" certain features is interpreted as meaning that it includes … { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, comprising synonyms, comprising pronunciation, comprising translation, English dictionary definition of comprising. Comprise is more formal than consist: The USA comprises 50 states. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, },{ { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_thesaurus"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, … 'max': 36, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, storage: { }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, },{ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, priceGranularity: customGranularity, This site uses cookies. } While its use is common in writing and speech, it has been regarded by some language professionals as incorrect, stemming from the fact that comprise on its own already means "composed of". Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, }); }, When you use “comprise,” you’re talking about all the parts that make up something. 'increment': 0.05, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, 2111.03 Transitional Phrases [R-08.2017] The transitional phrases "comprising", "consisting essentially of" and "consisting of" define the scope of a claim with respect to what unrecited additional components or steps, if any, are excluded from the scope of the claim. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); Consist : (verb) (1) Be composed of something The committee consists of seven members. February 10, 2017) discusses the impact to the scope of claims when using a closed transitional phrase “consisting of.” Three types of transitional phrases exist: “comprising,” “ consisting of ” and “consisting essentially of.” { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, 'increment': 1, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Synonyms for comprising include including, incorporating, encompassing, covering, embracing, involving, constituting, containing, consisting of and carrying. filter: 'include' ing. The determination of what is or is not excluded by a transitional phrase must be made on a case-by-case basis in light of the facts of each case. An open transition usually uses the word "comprises" or "comprising". { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, } 'max': 30, Consisting (of): to be made up of. to include all; contain: Fifty states comprise the Union. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }},

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