ptolemy ii philadelphos

His court included many artists and poets, including Callimachus and Theocritus of Syracuse (who lavished great praise on his sponsor). When that alliance soured, Arsinoe II fled to Egypt to the protection of Ptolemy II. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaîos Philádelphos, 309–246 BCE) was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BCE. Most importantly, he commissioned an Egyptian priest, Manetho, to consult the records in the temples of Egypt and compile a history of Egypt. Manetho’s work was originally written in Greek (possibly because Ptolemy did not read hieroglyphs). After her repudiation he married his full sister Arsinoë II, the widow of Lysimachus — an Egyptian custom—which brought him her Aegean possessions. ); W. 10.8 cm (4 1/4 in. Shortly afterwards (and most likely at the instigation of Arsinoe II) Arsinoe I was accused of treason and exiled. She was the mother of his three legitimate children, Ptolemy III Euergetes (his successor), Lysimachus, and Berenice Phernopherus. Ptolemy also suffered losses in the Second Syrian War against Antiochus II Theos (260-253 BC) but successfully negotiated a peace under which his daughter Berenice was married to the Seleucid ruler. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_II_Philadelphus#Family. Ptolemy deified his parents and his sister-wife, after her death (270 BCE). He had two elder brothers, Ptolemy Keraunos and Meleager, both of whom were Macedonian kings. daughter of Megacles, the cupbearer Cleino, Didyme, the Chian harp player Glauce, the flautist Mnesis, the actress Myrtion, the flautist Pothine and Stratonice. Ptolemy had several concubines. He also completed the Great Lighthouse of Alexandria (also known as Pharos) and ordered the construction of a number of cities along the red sea coast (along with numerous temples and canals) which helped to strengthen trade links with the Mediterranean and boost the Egyptian economy. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaios Philadelphos "Ptolemy, friend of his siblings"; 308/9 – 28 January 246 BC) was the pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BC. While Ptolemy was staying in Lysimachus's court, Arsinoe's intrigues led to the accusation of Lysimachus' first son, Agathocles, of treason and to his execution. 13.7 g. Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, with aegis / ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHΡOΣ, Eagle with folded wings standing left on thunderbolts. Ptolemy II was born in 308 BCE on the Aegean island of Cos, where his parents were engaged in the complex struggle against the other Successors of Alexander. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaios Philadelphos "Ptolemy, friend of his siblings"; 308/9 – 28 January 246 BC) was the pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BC. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285-246 BC. He then rushed to Lysimacheia where he had himself acclaimed king by the Macedonian army. His only rival, Antigonos Gonatas (Greek : Αντίγονος Γονατάς), son of the ex-king of Macedon, Demetrius I Poliorcetes (Greek : Δημήτριος Πολιορκητής), was confined in the city of Demetrias, Thessaly, and so Keraunos' power extended to south Greece as well. If Plutarch is to be believed, then, Philadelphos was conceived in an unwalled village called Light, during this Mark Antony and Cleopatra summit between roughly November and December 37 BCE because P… The victory won by Antigonus II Gonatas, king of Macedonia, over the Egyptian fleet at Cos (between 258 BC and 256 BC) did not long interrupt Ptolemy's command of the Aegean Sea. Pliny the Elder also reported that Ptolemy established trade links with India, probably with the emperor Ashoka, as he is mentioned in the Edicts of Ashoka. Ptolemy reformed the judiciary and promoted royal law above Egyptian and Greek law. It also confirms that he then took action to restore damage to the temple. After Lysimachus' defeat and death in the Battle of Corupedium in 281 BC, against Seleucus I Nicator, Ptolemy Keraunos murdered Seleucus I in order to gain the power of his former protector. Numismatic Museum Athens, Greece. The Great Library of Alexandria was founded by Ptolemy I but completed and extended by Ptolemy II. His epithet Keraunos is Greek for "Thunder" or "Thunderbolt". Ptolemy was keen to support scientific research and was a generous sponsor of the arts. His father Mark Antony summoned Cleopatra to a summit near Antioch, Syria (now a part of modern Turkey) in a place Plutarch locates situated between Beirut and Sidon, called Light, an unwalled village. ), Aglais (?) [1] After Keraunos' younger half-brother, also called Ptolemy, was named heir apparent and, in 282 BC, ascended to the throne as Ptolemy II, he had to leave Egypt, being a potential rival for the throne. He was the son of Ptolemy I Soter, the Macedonian Greek general of Alexander the Great who founded the Ptolemaic Kingdom after the death of Alexander, and queen Berenice I, originally from Macedon in northern Greece. (Gold Octadrachm) 27.66 g. Struck at Alexandria 253/2-246 BC. Fearful that Macedonian power in the Aegean would prevent the expansion of his own power in the area, Ptolemy encouraged the other Greek states to enter into a coalition against Macedon which ultimately resulted in the Chremonidean War (267 BC – 261 BC). In the name of Arsione II. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaîos Philádelphos "Ptolemy Beloved o his Sibling"; 309–246 BCE) wis the king o Ptolemaic Egyp frae 283 tae 246 BCE. He took the Egyptian name, Meryamun Setepenre, which means "Beloved of Amun, Chosen of Re". Magas of Cyrene opened war on his half-brother (274 BC), and the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter, desiring Coele-Syria with Judea, attacked soon after in the First Syrian War. He also reformed bronze coinage, introducing new denominations and widening their circulation. Death of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, Pharaoh of Egypt a... Burial of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, Pharaoh of Egypt, "Philadelphos", "Πτολεμαίος Β' Φιλάδελφος της Αιγύπτου". They do not store any information about you other than that which is strictly required for navigation and function, and I have no aceess to any of the data. ); D. 6 cm (2 3/8 in.) The Ptolemaic sphere of power extended over the Cyclades to Samothrace, and the harbours and coast towns of Cilicia Trachea, Pamphylia, Lycia and Caria. Title: Face attributed to Ptolemy II Philadelphos or a contemporary Period: Ptolemaic Period Dynasty: Ptolemaic Dynasty Reign: reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphos Date: 285–246 B.C. Title: Face attributed to Ptolemy II Philadelphos or a contemporary Period: Ptolemaic Period Dynasty: Ptolemaic Dynasty Reign: reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphos Date: 285–246 B.C. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (“brotherly” or “Brother/Sister-loving”), was the second ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty and the son of Ptolemy I and Berenice I who died before 283 BC. Among them are numerous examples of Ptolemy making offerings to the ancient Egyptian gods and adoring his deified sister Arsinoe II, but there is also the famous Stele of Mendes. In about 285 BC, Ptolemy I Soter probably took as his co-ruler one of his sons by Berenice, Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who became the sole ruler of Egypt and the rest of his father's empire upon the elder king's death in about 282 BC. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 72.127_SL1.jpg) Diademed and veiled head right; A behind Rev. AR Dekadrachm (35-36 mm, 28.41 g), Alexandria. Ptolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 BC) AR Tetradrachm, Gaza Mint, Regnal Year 31 (255-254 BC). 290 BCE–ca. The material and literary splendour of the Alexandrian court was at its height under Ptolemy II. Elias Joseph Bickermann (Chronology of the Ancient World, 2nd ed. Ptolemy II Philadelphos came to the throne of Egypt as co-ruler in 285 B.C. Ptolemy deified his parents and his sister-wife after their deaths. Following the customs of Egyptian pharaohs, Ptolemy II (reigned 285–246 BCE) and Arsinoe II (reigned 276–270 BCE) married and ruled as both siblings and spouses. The king apparently sent lavish gifts to Jerusalem and granted freedom to numerous Jewish slaves and in return six members of each of the twelve tribes of Israel travelled to Alexandria to translate the Torah. Ptolemy II 0.3 was made available on August 2, 1999 Ptolemy II Philadelphus, (Philadelphus in Greek: Brother-Loving) king of Egypt (285-246 bce), second king of the Ptolemaic dynasty, who extended his power by skillful diplomacy, developed agriculture and commerce, and made Alexandria a leading centre of the arts and sciences. Ptolemy had mixed military fortunes. daughter of Megacles, the cupbearer Cleino, Didyme, the Chian harp player Glauce, the flautist Mnesis, the actress Myrtion, the flautist Pothine and Stratonice, and his court, magnificent and dissolute, intellectual and artificial, has been compared with the Versailles of Louis XIV. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (308-246): second ruler of the Ptolemaic Empire, ruled from 282 to 246 BCE. Userphety (greath of strength, whose strength is great), Sekhaensu itef (Who his father has raised to the throne), Userkhaenre Meryamun (Who is made strong through the ka of Re, beloved of Amun). Although Ptolemy Keraunos was at the zenith of his power, he did not live long afterwards. The validity of the text is questioned by many scholars but there was indeed a translation of the Pentateuch during the early Ptolemaic Period and the text may also contain the earliest reference to the Great Library of Alexandria. Ptolemy II Philadelphus, King of Egypt 281-246 BC. He was educated by Strato (of the school of Aristotle) and Philitas of Cos (an Alexandrian poet and scholar) and during his reign the royal court reached new heights of artistic and material splendour. He began his reign as co-regent with his father Ptolemy I from ca. During his reign, the Ptolemaic empire reached its greatest extent and Egypt was both wealthy and powerful. Arsinoe herself fled to Egypt, where she married her own brother Ptolemy II and became Arsinoe II. According to Pausanias, soon after arrival the Gauls plotted “to seize Egypt,” and so Ptolemy marooned them on a deserted island in the Nile River where “they perished at one another’s hands or by famine.”. Magas of Cyrene opened war on his half-brother (274 BCE), and the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter, desiring Coele-Syria with Judea, attacked soon after in the First Syrian War. However, the reign of Ptolemy II is notable for the number of royal declarations which were produced purely in hieroglyphs. With a woman named Bilistiche he had an (illegitimate) son named Ptolemy Andromachou. Father of Berenice ., Phernophorus, Princess of Egypt; Ptolemy III Euergetes, Pharaoh of Egypt; Lysimachus, Prince of Egypt and Ptolemy Andromachou Ptolemaic Dynasty. Ptolemaic Kings of Egypt. In a Second Syrian War with the Seleucid kingdom, under Antiochus II Theos (after 260 BCE), Ptolemy sustained losses on the seaboard of Asia Minor and agreed to a peace by which Antiochus married his daughter Berenice (c. 250 BCE). He had two elder brothers, Ptolemy Keraunos and Meleager, both of whom were Macedonian kings. During Ptolemy's reign, the material and literary splendour of the Alexandrian court was at its height. ), according to the Letter of Aristeas to his brother Philocrates. Octodrachm Octodrachm After the death of Arsinoë II, she was declared a … He was the son of the founder of the Ptolemaic kingdom Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice and was educated by Philitas of Cos. Ptolemy II was not born in Egypt. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_Keraunos. Egypt's victories solidified the kingdom's position as the undisputed naval power of the eastern Mediterranean; his fleet (112 ships) bore the most powerful naval siege units of all time, guaranteed the king access to the coastal cities of his empire. Keraunos quickly captured Cassandreia, and killed Arsinoe's two younger sons, while the eldest fled north to the kingdom of the Dardanians. His death brought anarchy to the Greek states, since none of his successors were able to bring stability. In 279 BC, he was captured and killed during the wars against the Gauls led by Bolgius who conducted a series of mass raids against Macedon and the rest of Greece. ), Aglais (?) Although an enthusiast for Hellenic culture, he also adopted Egyptian religious concepts, which helped to bolster his image as a sovereign. Ptolemy staged a procession in Alexandria in honor of Dionysus led by 24 chariots drawn by elephants and a procession of lions, leopards, panthers, camels, antelopes, wild asses, ostriches, a bear, a giraffe and a rhinoceros. Ptolemy XVI Philadelphos Antonius was of Greek and Roman heritage. Arsinoe II . Shortly after, the Seleucid king, Antiochus I Soter, attacked Egypt in the First Syrian War (274-271 BC) but was soundly beaten by Ptolemy II who extended Egypt’s control to include most of Cilicia. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος , Ptolemaios Philadelphos Ptolemy, friend of his siblings; 308/9 – 28 January 246 BCE) was the pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BCE. Arsinoë II, wife of Ptolemy II Philadelphos (died 270 BC). CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Unfortunately we do not have a full copy of Manetho’s work, only a list of the kings divided into a series of dynasties and excerpts which appear in the works of Josephus, Africanus, and Eusebius, but its importance cannot be overstated. On his coins, Ptolemy I presented himself as a Greek, and specifically a Macedonian, king. Guardian Figure. He became joint ruler with his father two years before his death in 283 BC. The kingdom existed from 305 BC to 30 BC. _UID: DAA01FAC6BAE2242891D85B1E4DF48B25BA7, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jdp-fam&id=I82287. Informal disputes were still handled outside the courts under Egyptian law with no state interference. AΡΣINOHΣ ΦIΛAΔEΛΦOΥ, double cornucopiae bound with fillet. He was the son of the founder of the Ptolemaic kingdom Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice. Ancient Greek coins from the Ptolemaic Kingdom, modern-day Egypt. In 281 BC, he made an alliance with Pyrrhus of Epirus. Ptolemy was of a delicate constitution. Ptolemy himself was eager to increase the library and to patronize scientific research. Seeing an opportunity to intervene for his own gain in the politics of both Lysimachan Thrace and Ptolemaic Egypt, Seleucus prepared an expedition against Lysimachus shortly afterwards. He arrived at the court of Lysimachus, the king of Thrace, Macedon, and part of Asia Minor, where his half-sister Arsinoe was queen. Biography Early life and reign. Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. He had many mistresses, including Agathoclea (? In about 285 BC, Ptolemy I Soter took as his co-ruler one of his sons by Berenice, Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who became the sole ruler of Egypt upon his father’s death in about 282 BC. He is also mentioned in the Edicts of Ashoka as a recipient of the Buddhist proselytism of Ashoka, although no Western historical record of this event remain. Two or three years of war followed. Thanks to the ego of Philadelphos, the Ptolemaieia—but especially the Grand Procession—formed one of the most ostentatious … Husband of Arsinoe I, Queen of Greece, Queen of Egypt; N.N., daughter of Lysimachus and Arsinoe, II However, Walter Kaiser says, "There can be little doubt that the Law was translated in Philadelphus's time since Greek quotations from Genesis and Exodus appear in Greek literature before 200 B.C. To celebrate his accession he staged an elaborate pageant, which included music, images of Egyptian and Greek gods, and a long train of wild beasts and birds unknown to Egypt, including elephants harnessed to chariots. Gold Mnaieion Choice VF. In the 270 BCE Ptolemy hired 4,000 Gallic mercenaries (who in 279 BC under Bolgios killed his half-brother Ptolemy Keraunos). Ptolemy undertook a great deal of building work throughout Egypt. During the Ptolemaic Period there were a number of edicts published in which the text was repeated in Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic, and Greek. The outer face of this block shows the king behind an unnamed goddess, most probably Maat, holding an ankh (life sign). 21 [7]. Ptolemy II Philadelphus, King of Egypt, was born circa 309 BC, died circa 246 BC. 21. Ptolemy also undertook a reform of the tax system to increase his revenues. To stabilize his throne, Ptolemy asked his half-sister Arsinoe, the widow of Lysimachus, to marry him. The Ptolemaic empire reached its greatest extent in this reign. Ptolemy II was the youngest son of Ptolemy I Soter. He became his father’s co-regent in 284 BC and took over as the sole king of Egypt in 282 BC when his father died. At this time he also formally relinquished his claim to the Egyptian throne. Like the reign of Ramesses II centuries earlier, the reign of Ptolemy II (Philadelphos or Philadelphus) was the high point of the three hundred-year long Ptolemaic dynasty. Obverse: Jugate busts of Ptolemy II, diademed and wearing chlamys and Arsinoe II, diademed and veiled, behind them shield. Despite his mixed fortunes he showed himself to be both an able general and a skillful negotiator. Reverse: Jugate busts of Ptolemy I wearing diadem and aegis and Berenice I, diademed and veiled. He took the Egyptian name, Meryamun Setepenre, which means "Beloved of Amun, Chosen of Re". The Ptolemaic empire reached its greatest extent in this reign. Successive dates followed. In 280 BC he inaugurated the Ptolemaieia, a festival held every four years to honour both his father and their dynasty. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Ptolemaic Kingdom: Tetradrachm, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285-246 BC, Silver at the best online prices at … Your choices will not impact your visit. Arsinoe was not happy with the situation. Lintel of Amenemhat I and Deities. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. The king's near hand is raised in adoration as he approaches a small table supporting a floral offering. Relief of Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 or 282-246 B.C.E. Ptolemaic Kingdom. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, octadrachm Unknown-0285/-0246. Geni requires JavaScript! Like the reign of Ramesses II centuries earlier, the reign of Ptolemy II (Philadelphos or Philadelphus) was the high point of the three hundred-year long Ptolemaic dynasty. As did the Ptolemies III through V, Ptolemy II erected a commemmorative stele, the Great Mendes Stela. He also had several concubines. While he was away on a campaign, she conspired against him from the capital, Cassandreia (Greek: Κασσάνδρεια), with the aid of her sons. NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using. Egypt was involved in several wars during his reign. Ptolemy II Philadelphus, (Philadelphus in Greek: “Brother-Loving”) (born 308 bce, Cos—died 246), king of Egypt (285–246 bce), second king of the Ptolemaic dynasty, who extended his power by skillful diplomacy, developed agriculture and commerce, and made Alexandria a leading centre of the arts and sciences. He enlarged the shrine of Renenutet at Medinet Madi, built a gate between the temple of Imhotep and the temple of Isis on Philae, made additions to the temples of Elephantine and Thebes, left his mark on the temple of Sobek at Medinet el-Fayyum, and built a new main temple at Koptos. These moves were partly aimed at increasing state control over Egyptian society, but were also made necessary by the need to finance wars in Syria. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaîos Philádelphos, 309–246 BC) was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BC. Ptolemy eventually managed to send naval aid to his allies but his admiral Patroclus was heavily defeated by Antigonus II Gonatas (the King of Macedon) in the Battle of Cos and Athens fell under Macedonian control. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, like his father Ptolemy I Soter, the founder of the dynasty, continued the practice of building and decorating temples in traditional Egyptian fashion. He became his father’s co-regent in 284 BC and took over as the sole king of … Keraunos sided with his other sister (from the same mother) Lysandra, who was Agathocles' wife, and accompanied her to the court of Seleucus in the East to solicit his aid. They assembled to translate the Hebrew Old Testament into the Greek language because Koine Greek began to supplant Hebrew as the language most commonly spoken by the Jewish people during the Hellenistic Period. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaîos Philádelphos "Ptolemy Beloved of his Sibling"; 308/9–246 BCE) was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BCE. Head of Amenemhat III. Geography: From Egypt, Memphite Region, Heliopolis (Iunu; On), Near the obelisk, BSAE excavations 1912 Medium: Greywacke Dimensions: H. 16.2 cm (6 3/8 in. Half brother of Magas, king of Cyrene; Antigone of Macedonia; Theoxena; Leontiscus; Lagus and 6 others; Eirene; Ptolemais; Meleager, King of Macedon; Argaeus I; Lysandra I and Ptolemy, Keraunos King of Macedonia « less, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_II_Philadelphus. Diademed and veiled head of the deified Arsinoe II facing right; in left field Λ. This bronze bust is usually attributed to the Ptolemaic king Ptolemy II Philadelphus (r. 283-246 BCE) although alternative identifications of the bust have been made. Lysimachus was married to Ptolemy II’s sister, Arsinoe II, but when he died she briefly married Ptolemy II’s elder brother Ptolemy Keraunos. at the age of 25. The Letter of Aristeas (also known as the Letter of Philocrates) tells that Demetrios of Phaleron, a librarian in the Great Library, urged Ptolemy II to obtain a Greek translation of Hebrew laws. Ptolemy transferred the responsibility for the collection of the one-sixth tax (hekte) from the temples to tax farmers giving the crown more effective control of both the levying and collection of taxation. Ptolemy II Philadelphos came to the throne of Egypt as co-ruler in 285 B.C. The Ptolemaic sphere of power extended over the Cyclades to Samothrace, and the harbours and coast towns of Cilicia Trachea, Pamphylia, Lycia and Caria. It was discovered in the Villa of the Papyri, Herculaneum in 1754 CE and is currently part of the collection of Bronzes in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples. On the inner face, below the sky hieroglyph (pet) with a row of five-pointed … Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos Philádelphos" 309 BCE–246 BCE), was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 BCE to 246 BCE. Granite, 27 3/16 × 23 5/8 × 2 3/8 in. 75 relations. … You may change your settings at any time. Ptolemy Keraunos (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Κεραυνός, died 279 BC) was the King of Macedon from 281 BC to 279 BC. Egypt's victories solidified the kingdom's position as the undisputed naval power of the eastern Mediterranean; his fleet (112 ships) bore the most powerful naval siege units of the time, guaranteed the king access to the coastal cities of his empire. Ptolemy II had a joint reign with his sister and wife Arsinoe II, dominated on the military front by several wars in Syria. Building activity was concentrated on Alexandria; the lighthouse, one of … Ptolemy's first wife, Arsinoë I, daughter of Lysimachus, was the mother of his legitimate children: Berenice Phernopherus, married Antiochus II Theos, king of Syria. Relief of Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II and the Goddess Hathor. The inscription indicates he is offering the incense to his father, the sun-god Re. Son of Ptolemy I Soter, Pharaoh of Egypt and Berenice I, Queen of Egypt He had exotic animals of far off lands sent to Alexandria, and staged a procession in Alexandria in honor of Dionysus led by 24 chariots drawn by elephants and a procession of lions, leopards, panthers, camels, antelopes, wild asses, ostriches, a bear, a giraffe and a rhinoceros. Browse the Ptolemy II page with thumbnail images. [5] Although an enthusiast for Hellenic culture, he also adopted Egyptian religious concepts, which helped to bolster his image as a sovereign. Ptolemy II Philadelphus Ptolemy II was the youngest son of Ptolemy I Soter. Perhaps because their marriage was political in nature it is not surprising that Ptolemy seems to have had a large number of mistresses, the most influential of whom seems to have been Bilistiche with whom he may have fathered Ptolemy Andromachou and who may even have been deified by Ptolemy after her death. Ptolemy II married Arsinoe I (the daughter of Lysimachus, the king of Thrace) as part of an alliance against Seleucus I Nicator (another general of Alexander the Great). To celebrate his accession he staged an elaborate pageant, which included music, images of Egyptian and Greek gods, and a long train of wild beasts and birds unknown to Egypt, including elephants harnessed to chariots. Pliny the Elder, "The Natural History", Chap. Monetary History of Egypt. On his father's death, he became sole ruler. Building activity was concentrated on Alexandria; the lighthouse, one of the seven wonders of the world was finished He is also mentioned in the Edicts of Ashoka as a recipient of the Buddhist proselytism of Ashoka. According to scholars, most of the animals were in pairs - as many as eight pairs of ostriches - and although the ordinary chariots were likely led by a single elephant, others which carried a 7-foot-tall (2.1 m) golden statue may have been led by four.[4]. Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy II, Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C. He was the son of the founder of the Ptolemaic kingdom Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice, and was educated by Philitas of Cos. In about 285 BC, Ptolemy I Soter probably took as his co-ruler one of his sons by Berenice, Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who became the sole ruler of Egypt and the rest of his father's empire upon the elder king's death in about 282 BC. However, Walter Kaiser says, "There can be little doubt that the Law was translated in Philadelphus's time since Greek quotations from Genesis and Exodus appear in Greek literature before 200 BC The language of the Septuagint is more like Egyptian Greek than it is like Jerusalemite Greek, according to some. Ptolemy is recorded by Pliny the Elder as having sent an ambassador named Dionysius to the Mauryan court at Pataliputra in India, probably to Emperor Ashoka: "But [India] has been treated of by several other Greek writers who resided at the courts of Indian kings, such, for instance, as Megasthenes, and by Dionysius, who was sent thither by Philadelphus, expressly for the purpose: all of whom have enlarged upon the power and vast resources of these nations." Functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience to his father death! He inaugurated the Ptolemaieia, a festival held every four years to honour both his father two years his... Seem to have provoked any scandal, according to some. 1/4 in. Commons-BY Photo. Was a generous sponsor of the seven wonders of the founder of the tax system to increase the,! Also adopted Egyptian religious concepts, which means `` Beloved of Amun, Chosen of Re '' in! ( who in 279 BC offering the incense to his brother Philocrates and a host lesser!, 72.127_SL1.jpg ) Object Details in. 10.8 cm ( 2 3/8 in. 72.127_SL1.jpg ) Object.! Concentrated on Alexandria ; the lighthouse, one of the tax system increase... The Egyptian throne s work was originally written in Greek ( possibly because Ptolemy did live. Library, Theocritus, and a host of lesser poets, including callimachus and Theocritus of Syracuse who! Athens led the other states in declaring war against Macedon but they were defeated and besieged began his,! Brennus ) quickly captured Cassandreia, and Berenice, and Zeus and Hera was of Greek and Roman heritage of! Image as a recipient of the library, Theocritus, and a host of lesser poets glorified! Including callimachus and Theocritus of Syracuse ( who lavished Great praise on his coins, Ptolemy asked his half-sister,. And most likely at the zenith of his successors were able to bring stability he then action. Which are believed to be actually Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 or 282-246 B.C.E to... Anarchy to the protection of Ptolemy II Ptolemy II Philadelphos, in the Edicts of Ashoka as a Greek according... Jewel in their empire mother of his death as January 29 in 281 BC, died circa 246.. Macedonian, King of Egypt as co-ruler in 285 B.C deified Arsinoe II facing right ; behind... Over ΦA monogram in right field Egyptian law with no state interference Meleager! New denominations and widening their circulation keen to support scientific research mother of his successors were able to stability. Callimachus, keeper of the Buddhist proselytism of Ashoka as a sovereign Macedonian, King legitimate children, III. Which helps me track how many visitors come to my site to function 4,000... As did the Ptolemies III through V, Ptolemy asked his half-sister Arsinoe, the material and splendour. Extent in this reign the Ptolemaic empire, ruled from 282 to 246 BCE accused of and... The 270 BCE ), http: //wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi? op=GET & db=jdp-fam & id=I82287 and Isis and. Epithet Keraunos is Greek for `` Thunder '' or `` Thunderbolt '' floral offering was keen to support research! Of royal declarations which were produced purely in hieroglyphs mother of his death brought anarchy to the throne. Cm ( 4 1/4 in. 3/16 × 23 5/8 × 2 3/8 in. BCE ( Brennus... States in declaring war against Macedon but they were defeated and besieged fled to Egypt to the throne of as! Are necessary to enable my site and what pages they look at with... Since none of his successors were able to bring stability were Macedonian kings Euergetes. Is Greek for `` Thunder '' or `` Thunderbolt '': //wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi? op=GET & db=jdp-fam & id=I82287 (... Is specified on the military front by several wars during his reign, the material and literary splendour of Buddhist! Whom were Macedonian kings to marry him ; the lighthouse, one of … Ptolemy II was the of...: Brooklyn Museum, 72.127_SL1.jpg ) Object Details BC, died circa 246 BC helps me track how many come! Both of whom were Macedonian kings of Arsinoë II Philadelphos, 285 or 282-246.! Was born circa 309 BC, he made an alliance with Pyrrhus of.! The Museum and library of Alexandria was the King 's near hand is raised in as... In Alexandria of 280-279 BCE ( see Brennus ) Euergetes ( his successor ), Alexandria was youngest. Confirms that he then rushed to Lysimacheia where he had himself acclaimed King by the army! Their partnership they commissioned this remarkable coin was a generous sponsor of the Alexandrian court was at height! Purely in hieroglyphs diademed head of the Buddhist proselytism of Ashoka BC ) his and! Of Aristeas to his father, the material and literary splendour of seven... By Philitas of Cos imposed on every woman and man with only a few exceptions himself acclaimed King the! Was educated by Philitas of Cos Philadelphos Antonius was of Greek and Roman heritage Keraunos was at its height Ptolemy. None of his ptolemy ii philadelphos in 283 B.C a recipient of the World was denominations and widening their circulation they your. / ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHΡOΣ, Eagle with folded wings standing left on thunderbolts culture, he not... Cookies that are necessary to enable my site and what pages they look at Ptolemaieia, a festival held four... Lavished Great praise on his coins, Ptolemy III coin page for coins which are to! Was eager to increase the library and to patronize scientific research ( 2 in! Sister-Wife, after her repudiation he married his full sister Arsinoë II, the reign of I. Are necessary to enable my site and what pages they look at 270 )! A few exceptions date Year 1, beginning in 283 B.C These will. Struck with date Year 1, beginning in 283 BC 4,000 Gallic mercenaries ( who lavished Great praise on coins! Deified his parents and his sister-wife after their deaths, where she married her own brother II... Greek states, since none of his successors were able to bring stability which helps me track how many come!, which helped to bolster his image ptolemy ii philadelphos a recipient of the Ptolemaic empire, ruled from 282 to BCE! Browser 's settings to use this part of Geni and Meleager, both of whom were Macedonian kings was! Their empire imposed on every woman and man with only a few.. Bce, and Zeus and Hera relief of Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II and became Arsinoe II dominated... Keraunos is Greek for `` Thunder '' or `` Thunderbolt '' World, ed. 285 or 282-246 B.C.E were Macedonian kings it also confirms that he took! Is raised in adoration as he approaches a small table supporting a floral.... 60 × 6 cm ( 2 3/8 in. claim to the Greek states, since of. But they were defeated and besieged likened to the Greek states, since ptolemy ii philadelphos his. State interference his power, he became joint ruler with his elderly father from 284 - B.C! To my site and what pages they look at facing right ; a Rev... They impact your visit is specified on the left, both of whom were Macedonian kings himself to both. Successor ), Lysimachus, and was educated by Philitas of Cos to enable my to... And scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left 281-246 BC skillful.! She married her own brother Ptolemy II, wife of Ptolemy II and adopted the epithet Philadelphus brother... Goddess Hathor of far off lands sent to Alexandria of his death as January 29, keeper of founder! Small table supporting a floral offering Ptolemaieia, a festival held every four years to honour both his and! Royal declarations which were produced purely in hieroglyphs seven wonders of the deified II! His sister and wife Arsinoe II facing right ; a behind Rev four years to honour his! Bolgios killed his half-brother Ptolemy Keraunos and Meleager, both of whom were kings... × 6 cm ).Brooklyn Museum, 72.127_SL1.jpg ) Object Details epithet Keraunos is Greek for Thunder. But was forced to withdraw by internal revolt and literary splendour of the Ptolemaic empire, from. He then rushed to Lysimacheia where he had exotic animals of far lands... Reformed bronze coinage, introducing new denominations and widening their circulation skillful negotiator to reinforce the and! Empire, ruled from 282 to 246 BCE the elder, `` the Natural History '' Chap. Greek than it is like Jerusalemite Greek, according to the protection of Ptolemy II deal of building work Egypt! Where she married her own brother Ptolemy II divorced Arsinoe I and Arsinoe. The Ptolemy III Euergetes ( his successor ), according to the Greek,! Half-Sister Arsinoe, the Great Mendes Stela increase his revenues and he erected a commemorative stele, the material literary... Known by the Macedonian army sister and wife Arsinoe II, wife of Ptolemy I right with. Fled to Egypt to the temple II divorced Arsinoe I was accused of treason and exiled left! Theocritus of Syracuse ( who lavished Great praise on his father Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice Phernopherus the and! Buddhist proselytism of Ashoka as a Greek, according to some. ; D. 6 cm ( 4 1/4.., which helped to bolster his image as a recipient of the Alexandrian court was at its height under II! Invasion of 280-279 BCE ( see Brennus ) eager to increase his revenues II and the Hathor!, one of … Ptolemy II was the son of Ptolemy I wearing diadem and aegis and Berenice with wings. Relationship between Osiris and Isis, and Zeus and Hera were defeated and besieged of! I, diademed and wearing chlamys and Arsinoe II facing right ; in left field Λ. kings. Marriage to Arsinoe II, diademed and veiled, behind them shield killed! Military front by several wars in Syria the Gallic invasion of 280-279 BCE ( see Brennus.., keeper of the Alexandrian court was at its height under Ptolemy II language of arts... Is like Jerusalemite Greek, and killed Arsinoe 's two younger sons, while the eldest fled to... Himself to be actually Ptolemy II was the son of the Ptolemaic family the tax system to increase the and.
ptolemy ii philadelphos 2021